THE TUDOR AND STUART ERA

With the end of the Wars of the Roses on Bosworth Field on 27th August 1485 through to the death of Queen Ann in 1714 the Tudor and Stuart era (in which I have also included the House of Orange) marked a significant time scale in the development, but also in the declining fortunes, of the city of York. Here are some examples of buildings still to be seen in the city from the early Tudor to the Stuart period.

On the right is a terrace of houses in Micklegate which date from the 1480s.

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To the right again is a beautiful Tudor house formally the home of the Herbert family which can be seen in Pavement.

Note. The apparent 'barrel distortion' is is in fact how the house appears in real life!

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The Black Swann pub (left) in Peasholme Green built in the 1550s.

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Jacobs Well off Micklegate, close to Holy Trinity Church, said to be the house to which the prioress of St Clements Nunnery retired in 1536.

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Much changed and much flooded (see Modern York) The Kings Arms, or as many know it The Ouse Bridge Inn stands on Kings Staith. The pub dates from the 16th century.

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Further down Kings Staith Cumberland House (to the left) was built for William Cornwall towards the end of the 17th century.

Built in 1714 for William Robinson The Red House (right) has an imposing presence on the corner of Duncombe Place.

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To the left is the Treasurers House of 1419. It faces the Minster and is built on the site of the original medieval house occupied by the treasurer to the Minster and it remained occupied by that official until 1547. It is one of number of buildings in York said to be haunted and here the ghosts of a Roman legion reputedly march through the cellars. It became a National Trust property in 1930.

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The Kings Manor. Starting out as the home of the Abbot of St Mary's Abbey in the 13th century the Manor has grown to the house we see today. Following the Dissolution of the monasteries, the Manor was retained by the Crown and was used as the base for the Council of the North. The building grew significantly during the reign of Elizabeth I often reusing stone reclaimed from St Mary's Abbey. The Council of the North was abolished in 1641 and the building gradually declined thereafter.

The Kings Manor became the home of the Yorkshire School for the Blind in the 1830's and on the departure of that organisation in 1958 ownership passed to the City Council. They leased the building to the University and it is currently occupied by the Department of Archaeology.

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Ingram House was built by Sir Authur Ingram as an Almshouse for poor widows c.1640. Although the doorway in the tower is Norman it is likely that it was moved to the building from an earlier church.

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